Art Voicing Peaceful Protest: Hip-Hop and Rap in the American and Arabic Cultures




cultural identity, defence mechanism, hip-hop, rap, resistance


For centuries, poems and songs have been utilized to criticize oppressive and violent regimes, eliciting emotions and aiding the public in coping with hegemony. Rap and hip-hop, blending poetry and music, have emerged as powerful tools for combating oppression and marginalization. Despite the misconception that loud, aggressive music may incite violence, recent research disproves this notion. This study employs Sigmund and Anna Freud's psychoanalytic theory, focusing on defense mechanisms and free association, to analyze data. The study reveals that poets and artists across cultures, including Arabic culture, have employed rap and hip-hop as a means of cultural resistance, fostering a collective identity among young individuals to enhance their understanding of themselves and their culture. The study argues that rap and hip-hop serve as peaceful tools of resistance and function as a therapeutic outlet for managing anger, contrary to claims by some critical theorists that they stimulate violence in society.

Author Biographies

Hanan K.  Al-Jezawi, Al-Balqa Applied University

 (Assistant Professor)

Al-Balqa Applied University

Mohammad A. Al-Abdulrazaq, Al-Balqa Applied University

 (Assistant Professor)

Al-Balqa Applied University

Mahmoud Ali Rababah, Al-Balqa' Applied University

Al-Balqa' Applied University,


Arwa H.  Aldoory, Tikrit University, Iraq,

 (Assistant Professor)

Tikrit University, Iraq


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Date of Publication

2023-10-05 — Updated on 2024-01-02

How to Cite

 Al-Jezawi, H. K., Al-Abdulrazaq, M. A., Rababah, M. A., &  Aldoory, A. H. (2024). Art Voicing Peaceful Protest: Hip-Hop and Rap in the American and Arabic Cultures. International Journal of Arabic-English Studies, 24(1), 57–72.



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